Other adults and benefit claims

When we work out claims for Housing Benefit and Council Tax Support (Council Tax Reduction), we take into account everyone age 18 or over who is considered a member of your household. How we treat them will depend on their age and relationship to you.

Partners

If you live with a partner, we take your partner’s income and capital into account when looking at your claim.

Lodgers and sub-tenants

If other people who live with you are counted as lodgers or sub-tenants, some of the rent they pay you is included in your income amount that we use to calculate your benefit.  

Joint tenants

Where you share a tenancy with one or more other people, you can each make your own claim for your share of the rent or Council Tax.

Non-dependants

You might get less Housing Benefit or Council Tax Reduction if you have any non-dependants. This is because non-dependants are expected to pay towards the rent and household costs.

Non-dependants are people aged 18 or over who normally live with you and are not:

  • your partner
  • children you still get child benefit for
  • lodgers
  • subtenants
  • joint tenants
  • carers employed by a charity or voluntary organisation

A close relative who normally lives with you counts as a non-dependant even if they pay you rent.

A close relative is a: parent, parent-in-law, son, son-in-law, daughter, daughter-in-law, step-parent, step-son, step-daughter, brother, sister or the spouse or unmarried partner of any of these people.

People can still count as non-dependants even if they are temporarily living away from home.

For Housing Benefit and Council Tax Reduction, the reduction in benefit if you have non-dependants is called a non-dependant deduction. For Universal Credit, it is called a housing cost contribution.

Housing Benefit and Council Tax Support non-dependant deduction rules

These non-dependant deduction rules apply to both Housing Benefit and Council Tax support claims.

Non –dependant deductions if you or your partner are blind or disabled

We don’t make any non-dependant deductions where you or your partner are registered blind, treated as blind, or get:

  • the care component of Disability Living Allowance
  • Attendance Allowance
  • the daily living component of Personal Independence Payments
  • Armed Forces Independence Payments

Non-dependant deductions if you or your partner are 65 or over

If you or your partner are both 65 or over and the income of a non-dependant increases to a level at which a higher deduction rate applies, we won’t apply the new rate for the first 26 weeks. If a new non-dependant moves in, we won’t apply any non-dependant deduction for the first 26 weeks.

Non-dependant deductions when your child finishes school

When your child finishes school and child benefit ends, they automatically become a non-dependant. You need to tell us what they are doing before this happens, otherwise we will apply the maximum  non-dependant deduction.

Rates of non-dependant deductions 

The amounts of non-dependant deductions are different for Housing Benefit and Council Tax support claims.

Non-dependant deductions for  Council Tax Support vary depending on whether the claimant is of working age or state pension age.

Non-dependant deductions for Housing Benefit

Non-dependent deductions for Housing Benefit
Non-dependant’s circumstances (income figures are for income before tax and NI)Amount we deduct from your Housing Benefit each week in £

Full time student (except during summer vacation if they are earning)

0.00

On pension credit

0.00

Under 25 and getting Income Support, income-based Job Seekers Allowance, or Universal Credit with no earned income, or income related Employment Support Allowance  which does not include an amount for the support component or work-related activity component

0.00

25 or over and getting Income Support, income-based Job Seekers Allowance, or Universal Credit

15.25

Getting main-phase income-related Employment Support Allowance

15.25

Not getting Income Support, income-based Job Seekers Allowance, or Pension Credit, not in paid work, not a full time student

15.25

Income less than £136

15.25

Income between £136 and £199.99

35.00

Income between £200 and £258.99

48.05

Income between £259 and £345.99

78.65

Income between £346 and £429.99

89.55

Income £430 or more

98.30

Non-dependant deductions for working age Council Tax Support claimants

For claimants who are of working age, we don’t make any deductions for non-dependants on pension credit, even if they are in paid work. We only make deductions for full time students if they work during the summer vacation.

For all other non-dependants, we deduct £7 a week.

Non-dependent deductions for state pension age Council Tax Support claimants

Non-dependant deductions for state pension age Council Tax Support claimants
Non-dependant’s circumstances (income figures are for income before tax and NI)Amount we deduct from your Council Tax Support each week 

Full time student (except during summer vacation if they are earning)

0.00

On pension credit

0.00

Getting Income Support, income-based Job Seekers Allowance, or income-related Employment Support Allowance

0.00

Not getting Income Support, income-based Job Seekers Allowance, or Pension Credit, not in paid work, not a full time student

3.90

Income less than £202.85

3.90

Income between £202.86 and £351.65

7.90

Income between £351.66 and £436.90

9.95

Income £436.91 or more

11.90

Further information, help and support

For details of organisations who can give you advice about money matters and help you apply for benefits, see Live Well applying for welfare benefits