Glossary of Research and Consultation Terms

There are a number of abbreviations and acronyms that Research & Consultation use, and they are defined below.

CECCheshire East Council

CWaCCheshire West and Chester Council

Fuel poverty
A household is said to be in fuel poverty if it needs to spend more than 10 per cent of its income on fuel to maintain a satisfactory heating regime. That is maintaining 21 degrees Celsius (70 degrees Fahrenheit) for the main living area, and 18 degrees (64 degrees Fahrenheit) for other occupied rooms.

IMD – Index of Multiple Deprivation
This measures deprivation across the LSOAs in Cheshire East and throughout England & Wales.  It analyses deprivation across 7 domains, namely Income, Employment, Barriers to Housing & Services, Crime, Living Environment, Health & Disability and Education, Skills & Training.

JSNA: The Joint Strategic Needs Assessment
This describes a process that identifies current and future health and wellbeing needs in light of existing services and informs future service planning taking into account evidence of effectiveness. Joint Strategic Needs Assessment identifies 'the big picture', in terms of the health and wellbeing needs and inequalities of a local population." The Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act (2007) placed a duty on all local authorities and Primary Care Trusts (PCTs) to undertake a Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA).  The JSNA that covers Cheshire East was produced in conjunction with Central and Eastern Cheshire Primary Care Trust.

LAPs (Local Area Partnerships)
These are the largest geographical regions within Cheshire East, and are essentially ‘administrative’ areas. Local Area Partnerships (LAPs) bring together the key agencies within localities to ensure engagement with communities, provide empowerment opportunities and improve service delivery through the development of robust, evidence based Area Delivery Plans. There are 7 LAPs in Cheshire East, with their Census 2011 populations being as follows:

LAP names and populations
LAP NamePopulation
Congleton LAP  92,000
Crewe LAP  85,600
Knutsford LAP  26,200
Macclesfield LAP  69,400
Nantwich LAP  36,000
Poynton LAP  23,800 
Wilmslow LAP  37,100
A socio-economic segmentation tool, produced by Experian, categorising households and small areas into groups and types depending on a number of factors including income, age and place of residence.

MYE – Mid-Year Estimate
The mid-year population estimates refer to the usually resident population on 30 June of the reference year and are published annually. This product is the official set of population estimates for the UK and its constituent countries, the regions of England and Wales and for local authorities, consisting of a consistent time-series of annually published estimates from 1981 onwards.

NEET Young people who are Not in Education, Employment or Training.

ONS: Office for National Statistics 
This is the government agency responsible for compiling, analysing and disseminating many of the United Kingdom’s economic,social and demographic statistics including the Retail Price Index, trade figures and labour market data as well as the periodic census of the population and health statistics.

Population Density
This is measured by calculating the number of people per square kilometre.

RandC Research and Consultation team of Cheshire East Council.

RPI - Retail price index
This is the main domestic measure of inflation in the UK. It measures the average change in the prices of goods and services purchased by most households in the UK.

RSL - Registered Social Landlords
These are government-funded not-for-profit organisations that provide affordable housing. They include housing associations, trusts and cooperatives. They work with local authorities to provide homes for people meeting the affordable homes criteria. As well as developing land and building homes, RSLs undertake a landlord function by maintaining properties and collecting rent.

SOAs (Super Output Areas)
These are units of geography, or set geographical areas, used in the UK for statistical analysis. They are developed and released by Neighbourhood Statistics. SOAs were created with the intention that they would not be subject to frequent boundary change. This makes SOAs more suitable than other geography units (such as wards) because they are less likely to change over time, and thus SOAs are more suitable to change over time analysis. RandC refer to two layers of SOAs, namely the following:

  • Lower Layer (LSOAs) - Minimum population 1,000, mean population 1,500. Built from groups of Output Areas. There are 34,378 LSOAs in England and Wales, and 231 in Cheshire East
  • Middle Layer (MSOAs) - Minimum population 5,000, mean population 7,200. Built from LSOAs. There are 7,193 MSOAs in England and Wales, and 51 MSOAs in Cheshire East

Unemployment / Claimant count
Unemployment measures all people who meet the internationally agreed definition of unemployment. It is different from the claimant count, which measures only those people who are claiming unemployment-related benefits (Jobseeker's Allowance). The number of unemployed people in the UK and Cheshire East is higher than the claimant count. Not everyone who is unemployed is eligible for, or indeed claims, Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA). Many unemployed people (especially women) are not eligible for JSA because they have a partner who is in work and/or because of their financial position. While most recipients of JSA would be classified as unemployed, some would fall into the "employed" or "economically inactive" categories.